The Walls of Jerusalem

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The Walls of Jerusalem surround the old city of Jerusalem (approx. 1 km²). The walls were built between 1535 and 1538, when Jerusalem was part of the Ottoman Empire, by the order of Suleiman I. The length of the walls is 4,018 meters (2.4966 mi), their average height is 12 meters (39.37 feet) and the average thickness is 2.5 meters (8.2 feet). The walls contain 34 watchtowers and 8 gates. In 1981, The Jerusalem walls were added, along with the Old City of Jerusalem, to the UNESCO World Heritage Site List. The walls of Jerusalem, which were built originally to protect the borders of the city against intrusions, mainly serve as an attraction for tourists since they ceased to serve as a means of protection for the city.

English Alt Names Construction Year Location
New Gate Gate of Hammid 1887 West of northern side
Damascus Gate Sha'ar Damesek, Nablus Gate, Gate of the Pillar 1537 Middle of northern side
Herod's Gate Sha'ar Hordos, Flower Gate, Sheep Gate unknown East of northern sid
Lions' Gate Gate of Yehoshafat, St. Stephen's Gate, Gate of the Tribes 1538-39 North of eastern side
Dung Gate Gate of Silwan, Sha'ar HaMugrabim 1538-40 East of southern side
Zion Gate Gate to the Jewish Quarter 1540 Middle of southern side
Jaffa Gate The Gate of David's Prayer Shrine, Porta Davidi 1530-40 Middle of western side